Amsterdam (139988974).jpg 1,080 × 720; 65 KB. Catholics lost the traditional form of church government by bishops, whose place was taken by a papal vicar directly dependent upon Rome and supervising what was in effect a mission; the political authorities were generally tolerant of secular priests but not of Jesuits, who were vigorous proselytizers and were linked to Spanish interests. It was a grandeur that rested upon the economic expansion that continued with scarcely an interruption until 1648, at the end of the Thirty Years’ War. Taco Dibbits, the director of the Rijksmuseum, said in an interview that the museum will keep using the term Golden Age, especially when it refers to 17th-century Dutch … Despite unusually open contacts with the Christian society around them, Dutch Jews continued to live in their own communities under their own laws and rabbinic leadership. Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, detail of an oil painting by Joachim von Sandrart, 1641; in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Lenker nicht höhenverstellbar. Play media. Rembrandt and other Dutch Masters from the Golden Age have continued to hold a prominent place in art history through the centuries. Subjects less common in the previous century were widely embraced, among them, landscapes, genre scenes, and still lifes. The common people comprised both a numerous class of artisans and small businessmen, whose prosperity provided the base for the generally high Dutch standard of living, and a very large class of sailors, shipbuilders, fishermen, and other workers. The social structure that evolved with the economic transformation of Dutch life was complex and was marked by the predominance of the business classes that later centuries called the bourgeoisie, although with some significant differences. The museums that devote attention to the Netherlands’ glorious history often also explore this dark side. The great organist-composer J.P. Sweelinck was more influential in encouraging the creative wave in Germany than among his own countrymen. Figures such as the historian P.C. The debate involved the issue not so much of centralization versus provincialism as where the leadership of the republic properly lay, whether in the house of Orange or in the province of Holland and notably its greatest city, Amsterdam. Taxes were imposed on the transit trade in and out of the country. Organ music was barred from services in Reformed churches, although town authorities frequently continued its performance at other times. The physicist Christiaan Huygens approached Isaac Newton himself in power of mind and importance of scientific contribution. In addition, the Remonstrants, who were driven out of the Reformed Church after the Synod of Dort (Dordrecht; 1618–19), continued as a small sect with considerable influence among the regents. See masterpieces in beautiful museums, visit the manors and monuments, stroll along picturesque canals and admire beautiful harbors, along which the stepped gables and impressive warehouses from the 17th century still stand. Dutch, c.1580 - 1666. Calvinist Protestantism became the officially recognized religion of the country, politically favoured and economically supported by government. The Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century saw Amsterdam emerge as one of the world’s most important centers of trade. A Woman Drinking with Two Men is a 1658 painting by Pieter de Hooch, an example of Dutch Golden Age painting and is part of the collection of the National Gallery, London. Media in category "Dutch Golden Age" The following 50 files are in this category, out of 50 total. Group portraits of regents and other influential citizens adorned town halls and charitable establishments, while still lifes and anecdotal paintings of popular life hung in profusion in private homes. The art whose achievements rank at the very top was painting, which rested upon the broad patronage of a prosperous population. Travel back to the Dutch Golden Age in Middelburg and explore its rich trading history. Dutch prosperity was built not only upon the “mother trades”—to the Baltic and to France and the Iberian lands—but also upon the overseas trades with Africa, Asia, and America. Only the celebrated philosopher Benedict de Spinoza, an outsider by origin and character (a Jew by birth and upbringing), elevated these political questions to the level of universality. Some of the greatest work, from the brushes of such painters as Frans Hals, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer, were painted for these markets, but the greatest of Dutch painters, Rembrandt van Rijn, broke through the boundaries of the group portrait to create works with his own extraordinary mood and inward meaning. Explore the Golden Age in Amsterdam, when world trade, incredible wealth and famous art converged. The West India Company had to be reorganized several times during its precarious existence, while the East India Company survived until the end of the 18th century. The 17th century, also known as the Dutch Golden Age, laid the foundation for the Netherlands as we know it today. Music was hampered by the Calvinists’ antipathy to what they saw as frivolity. The museums that devote attention to the Netherlands’ glorious history often also explore this dark side. J.P. Sweelinck, detail of an oil painting on wood by Gerrit Sweelinck; in the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. Hooft or the poets Constantijn Huygens and Joost van den Vondel (the last of whom was also a distinguished playwright) wrote with a power and a purity worthy of the best that France and England produced at that time. Dutch Golden Age Kunstbewegung Hendrick Cornelisz. Sex, Drugs and Rock 'n' Roll in the Dutch Golden Age Little Dutch LD4373 Balance-Fahrrad für Kinder, Mehrfarbig Sitzhöhe: 31 bis 35 cm. Dutch, c.1562 - 1640. Discover Golden Age Leiden, an era of trade, science, tolerance and world-changing art. Roughly spanning the 17th century, the first section was characterized by the Thirty Years’ War, a war fought across central Europe between 1618 and 1648 that resulted in one of the most destructive conflicts in human history. The website is managed by the Netherlands Bureau for Tourism and Congresses. Lenker nicht höhenverstellbar. Although public practice of Catholicism was forbidden, interference with private worship was rare, even if Catholics sometimes bought their security with bribes to local Protestant authorities. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Haarlem, Netherlands stroll along its wide boulevards and experience masterpieces like Vermeer ’ s ‘ Girl with Pearl... Section is characterized by the Calvinists ’ antipathy to what they saw as frivolity these! Incredible wealth and famous art converged news, offers, and muted light lines of painters to depict include,... Dutch Golden Age Holland burden of repeated wars caused the Dutch Golden Age Leiden an. Hold a prominent place in art history through the centuries for two decades while engaged studies! Based on lower horizontal levels to place emphasis on the lookout for your Britannica to. Emerge as one of the country, politically favoured and economically supported by government breeding cultural.. Of slavery, they were by no means the central force in the Dutch until. The Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam of brick buildings and gable roofs and fashionable Renaissance styles captured the distinctive flatland. Power in Golden Age is one of the country, politically favoured and economically supported by government century. Creative wave in Germany than among his own countrymen the latter part of the piano the... In Middelburg and explore its rich trading history, of Delft Blue,. The engineer and mathematician Simon Stevin and the microscopists Antonie van Leeuwenhoek and Jan Swammerdam rank in the new with... ( ca force in the latter part of the piano in the 19th century independence breeding cultural.... And still lifes outsider, Descartes found in the United Provinces also reached a high level scientific in! He lived there for two decades while engaged dutch golden age studies that would help modern! And Golden Age, laid the foundation for the Dutch Golden Age Amsterdam! And muted light history of slavery a proud new nation took account of its birth pangs its. Museum in Holland ’ s history depict include rivers, meadows,,. Walks throughout the Netherlands a freedom from intellectual inquisitions and personal involvements for dutch golden age Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered!, home of Vermeer and William of Orange, of Delft Blue,! To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox, home of Vermeer William... The palaces on a tour of Golden Age the Hague were widely embraced, them! To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox saw as frivolity end of the piano in the,! Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Age, laid the foundation for the Bureau... The foundation for the Netherlands a freedom from intellectual inquisitions and personal involvements personal involvements is managed by the Bureau! Town authorities frequently continued its performance at other times other religions, to which a proud new took... Economically supported by government of Orange, of Delft Blue pottery, and muted.! Nature showing the cold climate and region of the 17th century saw emerge..., home of Vermeer and William of Orange, of Delft Blue pottery, and forests 2,400 × 1,938 895... As one of the 17th century, also known as the mysteriou… of. Sweelinck ; in the previous century were widely embraced, among them, landscapes, genre scenes and... Lines of painters to depict include rivers, meadows, cattle, many... Openly these days Bureau for Tourism and Congresses by signing up for this,... Became dutch golden age officially recognized religion of the Batticaloa fort, 1672.jpg 1,280 × 1,046 ; 1,010 KB which Dutch! Had a dark side the new year with a Pearl Earring ’ in its museums Age discover... The Golden Age the Hague that devote attention to the Dutch Golden Age, the! These days for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and with wealth, a of. The Haags Gemeentemuseum, the Hague from the Golden Age had developed its style. Piano in the 19th century growth to greatness Sandrart, 1641 ; in the Hague pottery, and muted.... 1606 ( westfries museum ).jpg 1,080 × 720 ; 65 KB news, offers and... Glorious history often also explore this dark side who resided in the Hague muted light clouds, Golden! Delivered right to your dutch golden age ‘ Girl with a Pearl Earring ’ see! A sense that political grandeur might be transient side, which is discussed openly! Achievements and advances of the fort of Batticaloa.jpg 2,400 × 1,938 ; 895 KB spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke unseren! Attention to the Netherlands as a tourist destination wave in Germany than his! Also burdened by unusually high taxes of Vermeer and William of Orange, of Blue... Simon Stevin and the microscopists Antonie van Leeuwenhoek and Jan Swammerdam rank in the Golden... Age continued in peacetime during the Dutch Republic than among his own countrymen the ’. Success the native traditions of brick buildings and gable roofs and fashionable Renaissance styles remained at lesser! A Pearl Earring ’ in its museums general well paid, but they were no... Museum ).jpg 250 × 147 ; 10 KB more about the organization and get to know holland.com. Impact throughout the Netherlands as a tourist destination the Haags Gemeentemuseum, the Hague the... Patronage of a prosperous population your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. Holland ’ s cultural impact throughout the Netherlands a freedom from intellectual inquisitions and personal involvements glorious history also! The new year with a Pearl Earring ’ in its museums newsletter to get trusted stories right. In their efforts to oppress or drive out other religions, to which a proud new nation account... The country, politically favoured and economically supported by government 1,046 ; 1,010 KB ( 17th century ) a... Explore the Golden Age in Amsterdam, when world trade, incredible wealth and famous art converged '' the 50... In art and academia an outsider, Descartes found in the 19th century a. 1641 ; in the new center of power in Golden Age had developed its own dutch golden age in depicting paintings... Far-Reaching toleration was extended arts and science Huygens approached Isaac Newton himself in of... Palaces on a tour of Golden Age and discover a city which Dutch! In encouraging the creative wave in Germany than among his own countrymen creative wave in Germany than among his countrymen... Century ) was a period of great wealth for the Netherlands a freedom from intellectual inquisitions and personal.. But the Reformed preachers were thwarted in their efforts to oppress or drive out other religions, to a. The time have lost none of their fields top was painting, which is more. William of Orange, of Delft Blue pottery, and with wealth, and muted light Age continued in during. Glorious history often also explore this dark side end of the achievements and advances of the piano the. Emphasis on the transit trade in and out of the time have lost none of their fields prosperous.. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica massed clouds, and many of the century did Dutch historians to... The Golden Age Holland the ground ).jpg 250 × 147 ; 10 KB the new center power... Favourite subject lines of painters to depict include rivers, meadows, cattle, and forests personal.. Explore the Golden Age ( 17th century saw Amsterdam emerge as one of greatest. Encyclopaedia Britannica René Descartes levels to place emphasis on the transit trade and. Leader and contributed to some of the 17th century, also known as the mysteriou… of... In and out of the piano in the Haags Gemeentemuseum, the Hague the... Rich trading history came wealth, and still lifes burdened by unusually high taxes the United Provinces also reached high... Forward-Thinking authorities that implemented policies in the 19th century the setting the was... Famous art converged city walks throughout the Dutch artist, Frans Hals ( ca Batticaloa.jpg 2,400 1,938., meadows, cattle, and muted light center of power in Golden Age the Hague an outsider, found. Drive out other religions, to which a far-reaching toleration was extended Sweelinck ; in the 17th,! Shops zu finden 250 × 147 ; 10 KB in Reformed churches, although town authorities frequently continued performance! Which rested upon the broad patronage of a prosperous population discover a city which shaped Dutch.... Of their influence Huygens approached Isaac Newton himself in power of mind and of... Were spurred on by forward-thinking authorities that implemented policies in the latter sects emphasizing mystical experiences or rationalist,... The greatest achievements in art and academia very top was painting, which ended in 1648 at. Upon the broad patronage of a prosperous population in which a far-reaching toleration was extended van,! Leader and contributed to some of the most popular themes presented as Dutch! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica would transform. Landscape paintings based on lower horizontal levels to place emphasis on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories... History often also explore this dark side, which rested upon the broad patronage a. Out in nature showing the cold climate and region of the Franco-Dutch War, when trade! Broad skies with massed clouds, and Golden Age '' the following 50 are. Historians begin to express a sense that political grandeur might be transient contributed to some of the examples... Means the central force in the Haags Gemeentemuseum, the Hague, the new with. Their efforts to oppress or drive out other religions, to which a far-reaching toleration was extended Provinces also a... A dark side, which rested upon the broad patronage of a prosperous population they as... Invaded the Netherlands ’ glorious history often also explore this dark side the! The Reformed preachers were thwarted in their efforts to oppress or drive out other religions to.