Salmon is a great alternative to red meat because it’s a nutrient-dense food that can help raise good cholesterol levels. Truly fresh salmon means it was never frozen. Typically, Steelhead weigh about eight pounds. Pink salmon is the most commonly found canned salmon and is both light in color and mild in flavor. Otherwise, there’s a good chance your salmon was frozen in some capacity. Large salmon will feed on herring, krill and other types of fish. There are plenty of fish in the sea, and we're not talking about your dating prospects. 14) Black Sea Salmon . Farm-Raised: Fish that are endangered in the wild are often raised in aquacultures, or “fish farms,” to control overfishing. Boost your salmon vocabulary and learn the difference between King, Sockeye, Coho, and more. The Pacific Ocean is home to six types of salmon, and U.S. and Canadian boats fish five of them: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum. Filed under: Ingredient Guides Kitchen Tips. “They’re like little eight pound footballs,” says Stein. When you see fresh salmon in the case at your supermarket, it can be misleading. While the practice has been criticized as unsustainable in the past, it just depends on where it comes from. Maxim Trukhin/Getty Images, Credit: 1. The largest is the king or chinook, prized for its high fat content, rich omega-3s and buttery texture. The latter tends to be found in fish caught in Northern British Columbia and Southeast Alaska. And it costs less, too. Like most other animal proteins, you can grill salmon or bake salmon. The latter tends to result in healthier, happier fish with more nutrients. It’s almost like eating a different species depending on how and where it’s grown. Sockeye salmon is a Pacific variety recognizable by its deep red color, fatty texture, and strong smell (though it should never be too fishy). It’s no surprise, given the adoring title, that Chum salmon has been getting the short end of the stick for quite some time. Because Norway originally pioneered Atlantic salmon farming, smoked salmon from all over the world is labeled –incorrectly- Norwegian smoked salmon. All three species of Aussie salmon are highly visual feeders which eat a variety of crustaceans and polychaetes as juveniles, but shift to baitfish (mainly pilchards, sprats and anchovies) as adults. Troll-caught salmon is considered the best of the best. 1.1 Norwegian salmon From Norway The meat of the Norwegian salmon is firm and orange in color. Those tend to be the most popular choices. In other words, it’s the good stuff. “You can just stuff Cohos full of herbs and cook the whole thing on the grill.”. Salmon is also low in mercury, and safe enough even for pregnant women to eat — in fact, it's recommended for healthy fetal growth and development. Sockeye, coho and king salmon have the deepest color orange whereas pink and chum are the lightest. Other fish also prey upon them. There are seven species of Pacific salmon, five of which are found in North America: sockeye or red, king or chinook, coho or silver, pink, and chum. “The color isn’t great for a fresh fish case (that’s a bit judgemental for me to say), but they eat quite nice.”. But among all of the diverse sea life out there, salmon has a distinct color and flavor that sets it apart from the rest. “There’s a grower in Norway with amazing, off-the-charts lusciousness of fat.”. Boosts immunity. “They’re going to be a bit more loaded with Omega 3’s, which usually translates to fattiness and flavor.”. The flesh color varies from white to red. The average weight of a King salmon is 40 pounds, but they can weigh as much as 135-pounds or as little as 20-something. It comes primarily from Alaska. The first thing to know about the different types of salmon is that they come from both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, and salmon can be farm-raised or wild-caught. Wild Atlantic salmon is no longer commercially available—what you find in stores and on restaurant menus is all farm-raised—but small, endangered populations still live in watersheds that drain into both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Coho are smaller and eat less than other salmon, resulting in fewer polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which may cause cancer. “It’s incredibly variable, which to me, is what makes working with wild fish so intriguing and special,” he says. Dagny Willis/Getty Images, Credit: All Pacific salmon and Rainbow Trout—which includes Steelhead (a.k.a Ocean Trout)—fall under Oncorhynchus. The most common Atlantic salmon in Thailand can be divided into the 3 types below. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. 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